signature to a petition calling for a convention to decide if a declaration of Independence from Mexico should be made in 1835
on August 9 a printed circular subscribed by a hundred and thirty-four citizens was issued from Brazos urging the convention: "We whose names are hereunto subscribed are of opinion that a convention of the people of Texas is best calculated to quiet the present excitement and to promote the general interest of Texas; we acknowledge the doctrine of The Right of Instruction, and we therefore recommend to our fellow citizens the call of a convention, and we further recommend that the delegates to said convention be instructed, so that no party may rule, and that the people be fairly represented."
The following documentation is associated with call for a convention of all Texas to consider the possibility of declaring Independence from Mexico. William Hesskew signed this petition in Brazoria , Texas in August 1835. See other historical information below about the petition William signed. The newspaper article originally appeared in the City of Brazoria, Texas, "The Texas Republican", August 1835
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"On motion it was Resolved, That this meeting nominate and appoint two suitable individuals to represent this precinct in General Convention; whereupon the following gentlemen were appointed: David G. Burnet, David B. Macomb.
"On motion it was Resolved, That a copy of these proceedings with the preamble and resolutions be transmitted to the Political Chief of the Department, and also to the Editor of the Texas Republican, with a request that they be published in that paper."
In The Texas Republican of July 25 there appeared a notice signed by William H. Wharton, W. H. Bynum, W. D. C. Hall, A. Calvit, S. Whiting, P. Bertrand, W. T. Austin, and W. G. Hill calling a meeting at Columbia on July 30 to express the sentiments of the people "in regard to the importance of having a convention of all Texas, through her representatives, for the purpose of restoring peace and confidence." The issue of this paper for August 8 says that the meeting of the 30th dissolved without doing anything, and that another meeting was to be held on August .15 for the purpose of calling the convention. Mosely Baker and Johnson attended the meeting of the 30th. The majority of those present were of the peace party, headed by the most influential men in the jurisdiction. Fearing the unfavorable action of this meeting, Johnson, an intimate and personal friend of Josiah
H. Bell, held a long conversation with him, urging harmony of action, and suggested that no definite action should be taken, and that the meeting should adjourn to meet on a day named in August. To this Bell consented, and said he would consult his friends. We were advised by him that his friends, the heads of his party, had consented; whereupon Win. H. Wharton of the war party, was selected to address the meeting. Then adjournment was taken to a day in August. Thus an important point was gained.
Baker and Johnson were selected by their friends to visit East Texas and solicit the people to unite with the party in Austins colony and endorse the proceedings held at San Felipe in June. With this arrangement and understanding, Baker and Johnson, a few days after, set forward for Nacogdoches. On their arrival they met, at the house of J. K. and A. C. Allen, General Sam Houston and Thomas J. Rusk, the latter having but recently arrived in Texas. This was the first time that Johnson had seen Houston and Rusk. All were alike anxious to hear the news of the two sections of Texas. Baker and Johnson gave them an account of what had been and was being done by the people in that section. General Houston replied that they were, with but few exceptions, submissionists; that he had left San Augustine but a few days before where a public meeting had been held to consider the state of the country. That he had attempted to address the meeting and that he had been literally hissed down! That the people of Nacogdoches, and the jurisdiction generally, entertained a like feeling, and were submissionists. Baker and Johnson informed him and Rusk of their object in visiting East Texas. They were both of opinion that the time was inauspicious; that the people must be made to understand the true situation of public affairs, and to choose between submission or resistance to the usurpations of Santa Anna and the general congress. Discouraging as this news was, Johnson did not despair of rousing the Vol. 115
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people to a proper sense of the dangers by which they were threatened and to their duty. He had influential acquaintances and friends in Nacogdoches and San Augustine. On parting with these gentlemen, General Houston said to Baker and Johnson that he was with them in feeling, and would do what he could to assist them to the utmost of his ability.
The next morning, at an early hour, Johnson called upon his old friend, Major John S. Roberts, who at the time was engaged in the mercantile business with Henry Rueg, political chief of the department of Nacogdoches. After a warm greeting, Johnson informed him of the object of his and his friend Bakers visit to that section, and gave a full account of what had been done in Austins colony. He said the people of that section, owing to the contradictory reports, were in doubt as to what they should do, and determined to remain quiet until better informed of the true state of public affairs; but for one, he said he was with the war party of Austins colony; and that he believed that when the people of the East were made acquainted with the action in that colony, which was considered the head and center of Texas, there would be no difficulty in uniting the people of that section. Johnson then enquired of him what view the political chief took of the situation. He answered that the chief was all right, that he was a firm supporter of the constitution of 1824, and opposed to the change being attempted by Santa Anna and his congress. Johnson then requested him to say to the chief that he desired an interview at the earliest time that would suit his convenience. Soon after breakfast Major Roberts called upon Johnson and informed him that the chief was ready to receive him; whereupon they proceeded together to the office of the chief, to whom Johnson was introduced. Johnson explained what had occurred in the West, discussed the course and policy of Santa Anna, and concluded by suggesting the call of a public meeting of the municipality of Nacogdoches, which he approved. It was then agreed that a move should be made to call a meeting on the following day. Baker and Johnson then called upon Colonel Frost Thorn, Major John Forbes, and other influential men of the place who heartily approved of the call and went actively to work.
In the evening of the day fixed for the meeting a large number of the citizens assembled at the "Old Stone House" and organized. By request, General Houston addressed the meeting, in an able and eloquent speech, recounting the wrongs Texas had suffered and was suffering at the hands of the federal government, during the delivery of which he was frequently cheered. At the conclusion of his speech, a preamble and resolutions, which had been previously prepared, were read and on motion were unanimously adoptedRusk not voting. A committee was appointed to visit San Augustine and present to the people of that municipality a copy of this preamble and resolutions and invite them to unite with their fellow-citizens of Nacogdoches and Austin.
A copy of these resolutions preserved in the Austin Papers of the University of Texas show that this meeting was held at Teals Tavern on August 15, with James Bradshaw in the chair and William G. Logan acting as secretary. The resolutions, which were presented by Solomon R. Peck, were preceded by a preamble stating the compact theory of
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CALLING THE CONSULTATION
As we have previously seen, on July 25 William H. Wharton, W. H. Bynum, W. D. C. Hall, A. Calvit, S. Whiting, P. Bertrand, W. T. Austin, and W. G. Hill circulated a petition for a meeting at Columbia on July 30 to consider "the importance of having a convention of all Texas, through her representatives, for the purpose of restoring peace and confidence." When this meeting assembled it became apparent to Johnson that the sentiment of a majority was averse to calling the consultation at that time for fear of interrupting the peace commission of Barrett and Gritten, and to avoid an adverse vote he induced Josiah H. Bell, a leader of the peace party, to use his influence to get an adjournment without action. In adjourning it was agreed that another meeting should take place at Columbia on August 16. But as their proceedings show, nearly all of the public meetings held during July and early August strongly urged a general convention, and on August 9 a printed circular subscribed by a hundred and thirty-four citizens was issued from Brazos urging the convention: "We whose names are hereunto subscribed are of opinion that a convention of the people of Texas is best calculated to quiet the present excitement and to promote the general interest of Texas; we acknowledge the doctrine of The Right of Instruction, and we therefore recommend to our fellow citizens the call of a convention, and we further recommend that the delegates to said convention be instructed, so that no party may rule, and that the people be fairly represented."
The final procedure in the calling of the convention can be given in the words of William T. Austin, secretary of the Columbia meeting of August 15. The minutes of this meeting with other documents were published in The Texas Republican of August 22 and 29 and were also widely circulated in handbill form. "At an adjourned meeting of the citizens of the town of Columbia held in Columbia, on Saturday the 15th day of August, Win. H. Wharton, Esqr. was called to the Chair, and Win. T. Austin appointed Secretary, when the following resolutions were adopted:
"Resolved. That a Consultation of all Texas through her representatives is indispensable.
Resolved. That a committee composed of fifteen persons, to be called a Committee of Safety and Correspondence for the Jurisdiction of Columbia be elected and that they be instructed to prepare an address to all the Jurisdictions of Texas requesting them to co-operate with us in the call of a consultation of all Texas.
"Resolved. That the Committee communicate with all Texas in the
most prompt manner by sending confidential agents to each Jurisdiction and that said committee keep the people correctly advised of all political intelligence of general interest and that they continue to act until displaced by the people or the consultation.
"Resolved. That we hold ourselves bound to pay our proportion of all expenses incurred by said committee in sending expresses printing, etc.
"Resolved. That we invest the committee of safety and correspondence as our agents with full power to represent the Jurisdiction of Columbia, to use the most efficient means to call the consultation, and to use all means in their power to secure peace and watch over our rights.
"Resolved. That we will not give up any individual to the Military authorities.
"In compliance with the second resolution the following gentlemen were elected a committee of safety and correspondence: John A. Wharton, W. D. C. Hall, Henry Smith, Silas Dinsmore, James F. Perry, John G. McNeel, Robert H. Williams, W. H. Jack, F. A. Bingham, John Hodge, Wade H. Bynum, B. T. Archer, Win. T. Austin, P. Bertrand, and Isaac T. Tinsley."
"WM. H. WHARTON, Chairman,
"WM. T. AUSTIN, Secretary."
"COMMITTEE Room, VELASCO, August 18th, 1835.
"Pursuant to the second resolution adopted by the meeting held in the town of Columbia on the 15th inst. a meeting of the committee of Safety and correspondence was held in the town of Velasco, on the 18th inst. Members present, John A. Wharton, Win. H. Jack, Warren D. C. Hall, Branch T. Archer, Isaac T. Tinsley, Henry Smith, Robert H. Williams, Francis A. Bingham, Peter Bertrand, John Hodge, Silas Dinsmore, W. H. Bynum, and William T. Austin, when Branch T. Archer was called to the Chair and Win. T. Austin elected Secretary.
"A committee was appointed to address the Citizens of all Texas for the purpose of bringing about a Consultation as resolved by the Columbia meeting.
"The chairman was authorized to appoint delegates to the different Jurisdictions of Texas.
Resolved, That the address submitted by the select committee in compliance with the first resolutions be adopted and that John A. Wharton, Esqr. be requested to superintend the printing of the address and also to collect and publish the facts and evidence which may be deemed necessary and that one thousand copies of the address be published.
"Resolved, That this committee recommend a suspension of all judicial proceedings of a civil character except in cases of urgent necessity.
"Resolved, That F. A. Bingham, John Hodge, Henry Smith, Branch
T. Archer, Robert H. Williams, and Peter Bertrand, be appointed a committee to open subscriptions and receive contributions of money for the purpose of defraying the costs of printing, sending expresses and other necessary expenses..
"A HISTORY OF TEXAS AND TEXANS" by Frank W. Johnson - was available at the Clayton Library in Houston Texas
Information above correlated by Marvin Schubert
Return to Hesskew Family
If you are a relative and would like to say hi or contribute to the saga, let me know here at Marvin Schubert, great great grandson of William and Mary Ann.
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